The fourth Nanzan symposium brought together a crosscut of eminent Shinto and Christian scholars in perhaps the first formal dialogue between these two traditions in Japan.
The discussions focused on the problem of identifying a religious tradition with a particular racial or cultural group and at the same time preserving the dimension of universality that seems essential to religion in the modern world.From the Shinto side, hard questions were raised about Christianity’s interest in “inculturation” and its commitment to religious pluralism. The participants agreed, however, that “universality” and “particularity” are categories that apply to both Christianity and Shinto, albeit in differing proportions.
- Jan Van Bragt, “An Overview”
- Ueda Kenji, “The Universal and the Particular in Shinto”
- Jan Swyngedouw, “The Universal and the Particular in the Catholic Tradition”
- Hatakaki Seikō, “Universality and Particularity in Religion: Shinto and Christianity Compared”
- Yuki Hideo, “The Universal in Religion: A Protestant View”
- Shimazono Susumu, “Universalism in Early New Religions”