Foundations of T’ien-t’ai Philosophy

Paul L. Swanson

Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1989.. 399 pages

This work examines the background and development of the notion of the Threefold Truth by Chih-i, one of China’s greatest Buddhist philosophers and systematizers and the founder of the T’ien-t’ai tradition. Not only does Chih-i’s Threefold Truth mark the climax of the Chinese reinterpretation of the two truths theory inherited from Madhyamika philosophy, but it also provides the basic structure and pattern for T’ien-t’ai thought and practice, making it the key to this important school of Chinese Buddhism.